September 26, 2022
Malaria

Malaria – Symptoms, Causes, Prevention & Diagnosis

Malaria – Malaria occurs due to the presence of plasmodium parasite of which, we have four species that make up it. However, researchers have proven that in Nigeria, plasmodium falciparum causes majorly malaria.

But, the infection disease prevented in several ways. Which we will be discussing here for better understanding of what we will be talking about. Thus, pregnant women are particularly vulnerable to developing malaria making them so easily to have malaria.

More over, if you are travelling to a country that develops malaria so easily, it is good you talk to your health care provider on how you would prevent this disease.

What Is Malaria

Malaria

It can be define as an infection disease that develops when mosquito bites you an d penetrates in to the bloodstream. However, when it bites you, it transmit malaria parasites into your body. Which causes serious harm in your body system if left untreated.

More so, if left untreated, it can be severe causing so many side effects like , seizures, organ failure, trouble breathing. Death can also occur if this disease remains in your body for longer than expected causing a serious damages to your immune system.

Anyone can get malaria but, people who are most allergic to this disease are Africans. Additionally, younger children, older people and pregnant woman develops this disease more easily. Because their body can welcome different types of disease as their immune system has become weak already.

Causes

It would occur due to the presence of plasmodium parasites and it only carried by anopheles mosquito.

Only female mosquito spread the parasites. When a mosquito bites a person who has this parasite, it soaks the persons blood which contains the parasite. When the mosquito bites someone else, it injects the parasites into the person.

However, once the parasite enter your body, they travel to your liver, and in your liver they multiply. Thereby invading into your red blood cell causing a serious harm in their and when the parasites has accumulated the red blood cell in the sense that it can no longer withstand, it burst. This is how the parasite spreads in your body.

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Symptoms

Consequently, when someone with malaria is bites by mosquito, the mosquito itself become infected. And it is important to note that this disease is a communicable disease. Thus, parents are therefore advise to seek for medical attention if noticed in their children.

This infection disease can occurs due to the presence of parasite but, not virus or bacteria. The symptoms of this disease resembles flu because, it would also develops when mosquito invade your body.

Hence, the signs and symptoms include;

  • Sweating
  • Chills
  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Chest pain
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Yellowing of skin
  • Confusion would arise in your body

Although, this symptoms might sound mild for the first time but severely if the malaria becomes cerebral. The later symptoms of malaria would include;

  • Kidney failure
  • Liver failure
  • Anemia
  • Jaundice
  • Respiratory distress
  • Swelling and rupturing of the spleen
  • Shock
  • Low blood sugar

Malaria Diagnosis

The diagnosis of this disease depends on which types of malaria that has manifested in your body. It is important that we care for for our body thoroughly by maintaining hygienic and ensuring that the disease gives a way to your body by treating it.

Further more, A health provider has also proven that taking drugs without knowing the actual cause of the disease should not happened in any matured human.

Thus, once a person seeks a doctor for diagnosis, the doctor collects blood from the patient to be tested in the lab. The blood goes several test till the cause of the malaria approves. After, the approval of the actual cause of the disease, some drugs is administered.

Malaria Treatments

There are several treatment that has been stipulated by the health provider. Some people have develops the habit of taking paracetamol when they noticed increased in their temperature, chills, fatigue and other symptoms similar to malaria. As a result, health providers has let us know that taking drugs without knowing the actual causes of the sickness produces a serious side effects to the body.

Recommended drugs include;

  • chloroquine
  • Quinine
  • Artemisinin
  • Mefloquine
  • Primaquine

Malaria Prevention

  • Clearing bushes around us
  • Wearing covered cloth
  • Sleeping in mosquito net
  • Maintaining personal hygiene
  • Avoid wearing dirty clothes

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