Menstrual Cycle Stages: Women experience these mostly because they are the only beings that undergo menstrual cycles. now, let us look into what the menstrual cycle is all about.
The menstrual cycle is the monthly blood flow that occurs in the life event of women. Most women do not experience this monthly blood flow because of some reasons that could accumulate the fallopian tube resulting in serious issues that will be outlined later on
This event is completed within the twenty-eight days of every month. in some conditions, the menstrual cycle does not occur in a woman’s life due to a condition called menopause.
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Meanwhile, Menopause is a condition whereby a woman is unable to conceive which could; be due to the destruction of the uterine tube; (this condition occurs between 45-55 years).
Ovulation took place in the middle of the menstrual cycle (14 days); which means the cyclic release of an ovum from the ovary that is accompanied by several phases.
Phases of the Menstrual Cycle Stages
There are four main phases of the menstrual cycle that women undergo before; this cycle is completed in under 28 days which is outlined above;
- Menstrual cycle
- Proliferative cycle
- Secretory cycle
- Premenstrual cycle
Now, the days of the occurrence of each of the cycles will be explained; with respect to the clinical correlation :
- Menstrual Cycle Stage(1-4 days): If the ovum is not fertilized within the 10 days; the corpus lutein degenerates, and the levels of progesterone slow down. These bring about the death of the uterine cells which results in vandalization. If the ovum is fertilized, within the next 20-24 days; pregnancy continues and the level of progesterone; increases especially estrogen. In this process, the corpus luteum; does not degenerate but rather increases so as to ensure that pregnancy results in the formation of a healthy zygote.
- Proliferative Cycle Stage(5-14 days): This stage is otherwise called the follicular stage. It corresponds to the first half of the menstrual; cycle that coincides with the estrogen due to the changes in the uterine endometrium. within this period, a high level of estrogen is secreted that helps; in the maintenance of pregnancy.
- Secretory Cycle Stage(15-25 days); These phases coincide with the secretion of progesterone by the corpus luteum.This stage equally helps in the maintenance of pregnancy.
4. Premenstrual Cycle Stage(26-28 days); During these phases, girls normally complain of spasmodic pain and; spotting of blood at the site of the vagina gland.
Hypnomenorrhea: this is a result of scanty blood flow during menstruation.
Some clinical terms have been used to help students understand; when and in which conditions a woman is in good condition.
At the age of 45-55 years, women no longer menstruate which is term menopause. Some of the clinical correlations are outlined below:
Amenorrhea: This simply means the absence of menstruations. It is divided into primary and secondary.
- Amenorrhea. Primary Amenorrhea is when menstruation does not occur at the age of 16.
- Secondary Amenorrhea is when menstruation does not take place at all and is mainly caused by menopause.
Oligomenorrhea: This simply means the reduced frequency of the menstrual cycle.
Metrorrhagia: This is the occurrence of bleeding during the menstrual cycle
Menorrhagia: This occurs when there is profused blood during the menstrual cycle.
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