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Symptoms Of Pregnancy and the Signs

Symptoms Of Pregnancy – Researchers, have proven that pregnancy has become the dream of every woman. Because pregnancy begot a child.

However, it occurs when the uterine tube is fertilized by normal sperm. Leading to the activation of the fallopian tube. Moreover, a women’s body consists of a vagina which leads to the fallopian tube. It refers to the process in which a new individual develops in a woman’s uterus.

Hence, pregnancy starts with the fertilization of the ovum as the cell( sperm and ovum combined together). It grows and implants itself in the uterus for nourishment and protection which normally takes 28-42 weeks.

Symptoms Of Pregnancy

These are indications that suggest that a woman is pregnant. Thus, they are the signals that show a woman that she would become a mother soon.

In most cases, the signs are not always the same in some women as others might be experiencing an increase in weight. The signs and symptoms of pregnancy would be of three types;

Presumptive Signs

This is a manifestation that indicates a pregnancy although they are not necessarily positive. Because they are not necessarily positive other conditions may arouse them and they include the following;

  • Amenorrhea: This is a missed period and usually the first sign of pregnancy. Some women may experience some vaginal bleeding and yet be pregnant. This bleeding would be shorter and lighter than usual menstrual bleeding; It is referred to as decidual bleeding or spotting.
  • Breast changes: the breast will be enlarged and become tender, and there is a tingling sensation experienced by the woman. It also becomes firm and fuller with the darkening of the areola and enlargement of the nipple.
  • Morning sickness: This is a common condition occurring in 50% of all women. The woman would experience nausea and vomiting usually in the early morning during the first three months of pregnancy. Thus, subsides after 12 weeks or even longer.
  • Skin changes: there are some changes in the woman’s skin, especially in the face, abdomen, and thigh. However, these changes would disappear on their own after delivery and your body comes back to its normal shape.
  • Bladder irritability: Frequency of urination is common during early and late pregnancy. This happened due to the pressing of the uterus over the bladder.
  • Fatigue and dizziness: these symptoms usually occur in some women within the first three months of pregnancy due to hormonal activity and body changes.
  • Increased vaginal secretion: an increased amount of mucus would secrete from the vagina. This would be normally provided it does not burn or itch.
  • Change in shape of the abdomen: as a result, the increase in size and noted at the 18th week of pregnancy.
Quickening

first fluttering movement of the felt by the mother, would be used to check the date of expected delivery. Since now the uterus would be in contact with the abdominal walls of the uterus. It usually starts from 16-20 weeks to primigravid and a multigravid at 16-20 weeks.

Probable Signs And Symptoms Of Pregnancy

These are clinical signs that are definitely like the hood of pregnancy has occurred or proven true but not conclusive. The majority, of these signs, would elicit by health workers during the examination and they include the following;

  • Hegar’s sign: this is a bimanual examination for assessing the softening and compressibility of the isthmus between the 6th and 12th week of pregnancy. Moreover, during vaginal examination and palpation, the two fingers almost meet together due to softening of the cervix.
  • Osiander’s sign: this is an increased pulsation of blood in the uterine arteries, felt with fingers in the lateral fornices.
  • Chadwick’s sign: this is the purplish discoloration and congestion of the vaginal membrane, caused by increased vascularity.
  • Changes in the uterus: it is above the symphysis pubis from 12 weeks onward.
  • Abdominal enlargement: the abdominal cavity enlarges from 16 weeks onward.

Positive Signs And Symptoms Of Pregnancy

These can be defined as the signs that are definitely confirmed as pregnancy, they include;

  • Fetal heart sound: The fetal heart begins breathing 24 days following conception. It is audible with a doper by 10 weeks of gestation, and with foetascope after 16 weeks. More so, it is not to be confused with the uterine souffle or swish-like tone from pulsating uterine arteries. The normal fetal heart rate is 120-160 beats per minute.
  • Ultrasound scanning of the fetus: The gestational sac can be seen and photographed. An embryo as early as the 4th week after conception can be identified. The fetal part begins to appear by the 10th week of gestation.
  • Palpation of the entire fetus: Palpation must include the fetus’s head, back, and upper and lower body parts. This is a positive sign after 24 weeks of pregnancy if the woman is not obese.
  • Palpation of the fetal movement: This would be done by a trained examiner. It too elicited after 24 weeks of pregnancy.
  • Urine: this test can be performed accurately 42 days after the last menstrual period or 2 weeks after the first missed period. The first urine specimen of the morning is the best one to use.
  • X-ray: Thus, this would identify the entire fetal skeleton by the 12 weeks. Inside the women’s uterine tube, the fetus receives total fetal body radiation that may lead to genetic alteration. X-ray is not a recommended test for pregnancy.
  • Blood: However, radioimmunoassay can detect HCG in the blood 2 days after implantation or 5 days before the first menstrual period will be missed.

Psychological Changes During Pregnancy

Thus, they include;

  • Ambivalence
  • Fatigue
  • Exhaustion
  • Sleepiness
  • Depressive reaction
  • Reaction to excitement
  • Anxiety
  • Frequent mood changes

Emotional Changes During Pregnancy

Advanced emotional reaction often seen in pregnancy are;

  • Irritability
  • Insomnia
  • Depression

How to get rid of signs and symptoms of pregnancy

Further more, while it may seem irresistible, there are many things woman can do to cope and make her emotions more manageable;

  • Self Care: Women should listen to body and mind and be aware of what she needs. For example, if a bubble bath sounds relaxing do it. If she needs time alone relax and read a book or get a picture make time for it.
  • Sleep: getting 8 hours of good sleep can do amazing things for your emotional state. While this may not always be possible, do everything you can to get a healthy amount of sleep. The woman should let her partner know that she is having difficulty sleeping. So, the two of them can come up with a plan to make sure the woman is getting enough sleep that she needs.
  • Diet: Like sleep, what the woman eat is a great natural way to help with mood and emotions. Eating healthy and natural foods, instead of processed food, promote both physical and mental health which contributes to increased emotional stability.
  • Support: Additionally, a supportive and encouraging group of people surrounding pregnant women is incredibly important during pregnancy.

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