Edema Causes- Meaning, Types, Symptoms, & More

Edema Causes – This has lead to many outfit of the body because one tries to maintain it’s lifestyle for more than expected. Edema is the medical term for swelling that’s caused by a build-up of fluid (also called fluid retention) in the spaces between your cells. It used to be called dropsy, and it can affect most body parts

Sometimes, edema causes swelling that’s easily seen, like when it affects your lower legs, ankles, feet, eyes and tummy. But at other times, the fluid pools inside an organ and leads to symptoms. Some of the symptoms include shortness of breath, but without causing any swelling you can see.

Mild swelling of areas like your ankles and feet occurs common especially if you sit or stand. It can also occur when you hold the same position for long periods of time. This swelling is usually harmless and goes away on its own within a few days. But more noticeable swelling of any body part can be a sign of a serious condition that needs medical attention. That’s why it’s best to see a doctor if you have edema.

Different types of Edema Causes

However, there are different types of edema that would occur in your body. Most of the edema that we noticed in our occurs as a result of the sitting position and would also occurs due to that we have been standing at a place for a longer period.

Thus, the types include:

Peripheral Edema

Hence, this types of edema can occur either in the legs, arms, feet and hands. Peripheral edema is the swelling of your lower hands and arms. The cause may be simple, such as sitting for too long on a plane or standing for too long. Or it may involve a more serious underlying disease. Edema occurs when something disrupts the usual balance of fluids in your cells.

Peripheral edema happens when small blood vessel leaks fluids. The extra fluid build-up is what makes the tissue swell. It could be a sign of problems with the circulatory system, lymph nodes, kidneys, liver or heart muscles. Also, certain medications, infections and pregnancy can cause edema.

Cerebral Edema

More over, this types of edema would occur around your brain. Once, it gets to the brain, it develops some unusual symptoms that notifies the presence of edema. Thus, it can arise as a result of physical damage to the brain like stroke or trauma.

Cerebral edema also known as brain swelling. It’s a life-threatening condition that causes fluid to develop in the brain. This fluid increases the pressure inside of the skull — more commonly referred to as intracranial pressure (ICP). Through these mechanisms, cerebral edema stems from trauma, infections and other means.

Pulmonary Edema

fluid build-up in your lungs, often caused by heart failure. This fluid collects in the many air sacs in the lungs, making it difficult to breathe. In most cases, heart problems cause pulmonary edema. But fluid can collect in the lungs for other reasons.

Symptoms of Edema

More so, there are several symptoms that indicates the presence of edema. Edema causes several harms in your body but most of the edema goes away on their own without any treatment. Thus they include:

  • Your body or your skin feeling tight or full
  • Pain in the swollen body part
  • A swollen tummy
  • Shortness of breath
  • Heavy arms or legs
  • Thickened skin
  • Headache
  • Feeling hot and shivery
  • Coughing up blood
  • Fever
  • Chest pain
  • Yellowish skin

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Edema Causes

Additionally, it can be cause by either lifestyle or medical condition. Take for instance, you are travelling for a far place, your sitting position can seriously cause edema. If you have seated in the car for a long period without changing position, this can interfere.

Some of the most common causes of edema are linked to daily habits and lifestyle. These include:

  • staying in the same position for too long – this includes lying in bed, travelling or generally sitting or standing for a long time
  • eating too much salty food
  • being overweight

Diagnosis of Edema Causes

A doctor will usually suspect you have edema based on your symptoms. They may also ask you about other medical conditions you have or have had in the past, and then look at and feel the swollen area.

Because oedema is a symptom, rather than a condition itself, a doctor will usually focus on diagnosing the cause of oedema, so they may ask questions about your lifestyle, recent injuries and medications you’re taking.

They may also examine other parts of your body and do tests to look for signs of the possible cause. This may involve:

  • listening to your heart and lungs
  • blood tests
  • urine tests

Treatment for Edema Causes

Not all types of oedema need to be treated. For example, oedema that’s caused by a monthly period or pregnancy usually doesn’t need to be treated as it tends to get better when the period or pregnancy ends.

When oedema is treated, the focus is usually on treating the underlying cause, avoiding things that make your symptoms worse and, sometimes, encouraging your body to remove excess water.

Specific treatments for oedema include:

  • wearing compression stockings – if you have leg edema
  • losing weight if you’re overweight – speak to a doctor for advice on how to lose weight safely
  • doing regular exercise – speak to a doctor for specific advice on how much exercise you should do
  • keeping your legs raised when possible – if you have leg, ankle or foot edema
  • taking a type of medication, called diuretics, that helps remove excess water from your body – only take these if a doctor has told you to